Toxic slimming pills that killed student at Welsh university still available online

The dangerous Dinitrophenol pills can ‘cook’ you

Toxic slimming pills which killed a bulimic student at a Welsh university are still readily available online.

Eloise Parry, 21, who was a student at Glyndwr University in Wrexham , died in hospital on April 12, 2015, after taking eight tablets containing the poisonous Dinitrophenol (DNP).

Despite numerous cases of people dying after consuming the drug and repeated warnings not to take the “dangerous” substance it remains easily available online.

The drug accelerates the body’s metabolism which may burn off fat but can also trigger a number of dangerous side effects.

One website offers individual pills for £6.17 as part of a half-price offer and describes the product as a “best seller”.

It openly states that DNP “can kill you” and encourages people not to consume it and only use it for research, chemical and pesticide use.

It adds: “If I had to describe DNP in one word…poison.”

What is DNP?

According to the NHS the drug is a combination of combination of compounds widely used during the early 20th century in a range of industrial processes.

The yellow substance is described as having a “sweet, musty odour”.

Commercial DNP has a range of uses, including as an antiseptic, herbicide, explosives and photographic developing.

In 1933 an American researcher discovered that when taken by humans DNP dramatically speeds up the metabolism leading to rapid weight loss.

After this it was marketed as a weight-loss drug.

It was quickly pulled from the market after it was found to be highly toxic, causing “significant” side effects and in some cases death.

In 1938 the American Food and Drug Agency issued a statement saying DNP was “extremely dangerous and not fit for human consumption”.

The NHS said: “It appears that DNP has becoming increasing popular during the last decade among bodybuilders for its ‘quick-fix’ ability to lead to rapid weight loss.

“Presumably this information was spread both by word of mouth as well as via internet forums and message boards.”

A comprehensive description of the product is featured on the website which is marketed under the “fat loss” section.

It reads: “DNP can kill you. We discussed how DNP converts the energy from food into heat energy, which increases body temperature.

“Unfortunately there is no limit to how high your body temperature can get while on DNP, so it can literally ‘cook’ you.”

Warnings on the site where we found the tablets available state that anyone under 18 should “please leave this page”.

The warning at the bottom of their website again states their goods are for research and scientific purposes only.

It reads: “The goods offered by the seller by means of online store are designed for research and scientific purposes only.

“The goods offered by the seller represent chemical substances that must not be used for people or animals, as foodstuff, food additives, drugs, medical devices, cosmetics for people or animals.

“No product offered by the seller can be considered a meal, food additive, drug, nutrient, cosmetics or other substance designed for people or animals.

“No product can be used for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes.”

The website says it ships from the European Union and deliveries, including to the UK, and is “close to” being successful “100%” of the time.

During the trial of Bernard Rebelo – the online steroid dealer whole sold Eloise the pills which killed her – prosecutor Richard Barraclough QC told Inner London Crown Court that taking the chemical has been described as “playing Russian roulette” and a case of “you might survive, you might not”.

The court heard Rebelo bought the chemical in drums from China and, knowing that it was not suitable for human consumption, took efforts to “deceive” the authorities.

Mr Barraclough said it was “well known in the area in which [Rebelo was] operating that any number of authorities and organisations had warned against the dangers of consuming this chemical”.

Describing DNP, and its effects, Mr Barraclough said it was a “highly toxic substance when ingested, inhaled or absorbed through the skin”.

He said it caused weight loss by burning fat and carbohydrates, in turn causing energy to be converted into heat.

“The result is that that person’s temperature and metabolic rate all dangerously increase,” Mr Barraclough explained.

Jurors heard that among other things, DNP could cause multiple organ failure, hyperthermia, nausea, coma, muscle rigidity, cardiac arrest and death.

“Essentially, this is what happened to Eloise Parry”, said Mr Barraclough.

The court heard that, depending on body weight, just 200mg of DNP can be lethal and that Ms Parry had taken eight capsules before she died.

In June 31-year-old Rebelo, from Gosport in Hampshire was jailed for seven years after being convicted of two counts of manslaughter and one of placing unsafe food on the market.

He told the jury that he included a warning on his website that the substance was not for human consumption.

Miss Parry’s sister Rebecca Parry said in a statement read out during the trial that she had been “focused” on losing weight.

She noted that in the weeks and months leading up to her death her sister had struggled “more and more” with her eating disorder.

She said: “The diet pills she had taken had made her lose a drastic amount of weight but she still wanted to be slimmer.”

The court heard that in the weeks leading up to her death Eloise was admitted to hospital numerous times because of the side effects of DNP.

The side effects of DNP are widely discussed on various internet forums with people asking for advice and users detailing their experiences.

One wrote that due to the drug causing excessive sweating they had to drink water every 15 minutes and change clothes halfway through a shift.

Another described using it as feeling “hungover 24/7”.

Latest NHS advice says: “One of the risks of DNP is that it accelerates the metabolism to a dangerously fast level.

“Our metabolic system operates at the rate it does for a reason – it is safe.”

Some of the potential side effects they list include fever, dehydration, excessive sweating, rapid or irregular heartbeat, and vomiting.

They add that a combination of the side effects can have an “an extremely damaging effect on the body” and can result in a coma or death.

Long-term use can cause cataracts and skin lesions and may cause damage to the heart and nervous system.

An inquest held in Shrewsbury in July 2015 heard Eloise, who had a history of bulimia, died after taking eight unlicensed tablets which she bought online.

Shropshire coroner John Ellery, who ruled that the death was accidental, said at the time he would be writing to the Government urging a review of the classification of DNP, which is marketed online as a ‘fat burning’ pill.

The hearing was told Miss Parry drove herself to the Royal Shrewsbury Hospital hours after taking DNP at her flat.

In a text message sent while she was at the hospital, she apologised to her lecturer and tutors for “being so stupid”.

The message, read to the court by Detective Sergeant Andy Chatting, said: “I screwed up big time. Binged/purged all night and took four pills at 4am.

“I took another four when I woke and I started vomiting soon after. I think I am going to die.”

Eloise used PayPal to buy a quantity of DNP on April 4 and ordered a second batch at 6.14am on the day of her death.

DNP – an industrial chemical historically used in explosives, dyes and fungicide which is also available as a powder – is not a controlled substance despite being linked to several previous deaths in the UK and overseas.

The industrial chemical was the subject of an Interpol warning notice issued to 190 countries in May 2015.

Ruling the death to be accidental, Mr Ellery said: “This is clearly a dangerous, toxic and fatal substance which should not be accessible, certainly not to persons seeking unlicensed non-prescribed medication.”

The UK Government said while possession of DNP for “legitimate, industrial purposes” is allowed it is illegal to sell for human consumption.

UK sellers of DNP can be prosecuted for offences under the Food Safety Act 1990.

Anyone who sees DNP for sale in any form is asked by the Food Standards Agency to to report it to the National Food Crime Unit as soon as possible

Full article: https://www.walesonline.co.uk/news/wales-news/toxic-slimming-pills-killed-student-14956866

“Eminem – About The Dependency he had” – YouTube

https://youtu.be/9bpvT3VjOiU

‘Unnecessary’ painkillers could leave thousands addicted, doctors warn | Science | The Guardian

Prescriptions for powerful opioid painkillers have doubled from 12m to 24m in past decade, NHS Digital figures reveal

Dependency, addiction, opiate painkillers

Dependency, addiction, opiate painkillers

Powerful and potentially addictive opiate painkillers are being handed out too readily, leading doctors have warned after it emerged that the number of times the drugs are being prescribed in the UK has doubled in the past decade.

The Faculty of Pain Medicine and the Royal Pharmaceutical Society said they were worried about the high and growing use of opioid drugs such as codeine and tramadol – while other experts warn that hundreds of thousands of patients could be addicted to them.

Dr Barry Miller, dean of the Faculty of Pain Medicine, said that the increase in the prescription rates of painkillers in the UK should be “met with concern”, adding: “While some of the increase can be attributed to an improved understanding of the effectiveness of these medications by medical professionals, we are concerned by reports of unnecessary prescription.”

More on this story

https://www.theguardian.com/science/2017/may/05/unnecessary-opioid-painkiller-prescriptions-thousands-addicted-nhs-doctors-warn

Prescription pain killers: share your stories with us | Society | The Guardian

The number of prescriptions being written for strong opioid medications, such as codeine, have doubled. But doctors warn that these drugs can be addictive.

Prescriptions of powerful pain killers, such as codeine and tramadol, have doubled in the past decade – with the number of prescriptions issued rising from 12m in 2006 to 24m in 2016. NHS Digital figures show that one of the highest increases in prescriptions has been for oxycodone, which shot up from 387,591 to 1.5 million – a 206% rise – over that period.

But doctors warn that more should be done to monitor these drugs, and that they should not be given out so readily. The Faculty of Pain Medicine and Royal Pharmaceutical Society said more patients should be persuaded to try psychological means of dealing with pain, such as mindfulness, instead.

https://www.theguardian.com/society/2017/may/05/prescription-pain-killers-share-your-stories-with-us

Are All Psychiatric Drugs Too Unsafe to Take?

An interesting article found at
http://mindfreedom.uk/psychiatric-drugs-unsafe-take/

Psychiatric drugs are more dangerous than you have ever imagined. If you haven’t been prescribed one yet, you are among the lucky few. If you or a loved one are taking psychiatric drugs, there is hope; but you need to understand the dangers and how to minimize the risk.

The following overview focuses on longer-term psychiatric drug hazards, although most of them can begin to develop within weeks. They are scientifically documented in my recent book Psychiatric Drug Withdrawal and my medical text Brain-Disabling Treatments in Psychiatry, Second Edition.

Newer or atypical antipsychotic drugs: Risperdal, Invega, Zyprexa, Abilify, Geodon, Seroquel, Latuda, Fanapt and Saphris

Antipsychotic drugs, including both older and newer ones, cause shrinkage (atrophy) of the brain in many human brain scan studies and in animal autopsy studies. The newer atypicals especially cause a well-documented metabolic syndrome including elevated blood sugar, diabetes, increased cholesterol, obesity and hypertension. They also produce dangerous cardiac arrhythmias and unexplained sudden death, and they significantly reduce longevity. In addition, they cause all the problems of the older drugs, such as Thorazine and Haldol, including tardive dyskinesia, a largely permanent and sometimes disabling and painful movement disorder caused by brain damage and biochemical disruptions.

Risperdal in particular but others as well cause potentially permanent breast enlargement in young boys and girls. The overall risk of harmful long-term effects from antipsychotic drugs exceeds the capacity of this review. Withdrawal from antipsychotic drugs can cause overwhelming emotional and neurological suffering, as well as psychosis in both children and adults, making complete cessation at times very difficult or impossible.

Despite their enormous risks, the newer antipsychotic drugs are now frequently used off-label to treat anything from anxiety and depression to insomnia and behavior problems in children. Two older antipsychotic drugs, Reglan and Compazine, are used for gastrointestinal problems, and despite small or short-term dosing, they too can cause problems, including tardive dyskinesia.

Antipsychotic drugs masquerading as sleep aids: Seroquel, Abilify, Zyprexa and others

Nowadays, many patients are given medications for insomnia without being told that they are in fact receiving very dangerous antipsychotic drugs. This can happen with any antipsychotic but most frequently occurs with Seroquel, Abilify and Zyprexa. The patient is unwittingly exposed to all the hazards of antipsychotic drugs.

Antipsychotic drugs masquerading as antidepressant and bipolar drugs: Seroquel, Abilify, Zyprexa and others

The FDA has approved some antipsychotic drugs as augmentation for treating depression along with antidepressants. As a result, patients are often misinformed that they are getting an “antidepressant” when they are in fact getting one of the newer antipsychotic drugs, with all of their potentially disastrous adverse effects. Patients are similarly misled by being told that they are getting a “bipolar” drug when it is an antipsychotic drug.

Antidepressants: SSRIs such as Prozac, Paxil, Zoloft, Celexa, Lexapro and Viibyrd, as well as Effexor, Pristiq, Wellbutrin, Cymbalta and Vivalan

The SSRIs are probably the most fully studied antidepressants, but the following observations apply to most or all antidepressants. These drugs produce long-term apathy and loss of quality of life. Many studies of SSRIs show severe brain abnormalities, such as shrinkage (atrophy) with brain cell death in humans and the growth of new abnormal brain cells in animal and laboratory studies. They frequently produce an apathy syndrome — a generalized loss of motivation or interest in many or all aspects of life. The SSRIs frequently cause irreversible dysfunction and loss of interest in sexuality, relationship and love. Withdrawal from all antidepressants can cause a wide variety of distressing and dangerous emotional reactions from depression to mania and from suicide to violence. After withdrawal from antidepressants, individuals often experience persistent and distressing mental and neurological impairments. Some people find antidepressant withdrawal to be so distressing that they cannot fully stop taking the drugs.

Benzodiazepine (benzos) anti-anxiety drugs and sleep aids: Xanax, Klonopin, Ativan, Valium, Librium, Tranxene and Serax; Dalmane, Doral, Halcion, ProSom and Restoril used as sleep aids

Benzos deteriorate memory and other mental capacities. Human studies demonstrate that they frequently lead to atrophy and dementia after longer-term exposure. After withdrawal, individuals exposed to these drugs also experience multiple persisting problems including memory and cognitive dysfunction, emotional instability, anxiety, insomnia, and muscular and neurological discomforts. Mostly because of severely worsened anxiety and insomnia, many cannot stop taking them and become permanently dependent. This frequently happens after only six weeks of exposure. Any benzo can be prescribed as a sleep aid, but Dalmane, Doral, Halcion, ProSom and Restoril are marketed for that purpose.

Non-benzo sleep aids: Ambien, Intermezzo, Lunesta and Sonata

These drugs pose similar problems to the benzos, including memory and other mental problems, dependence and painful withdrawal. They can cause many abnormal mental states and behaviors, including dangerous sleepwalking. Insufficient data is available concerning brain shrinkage and dementia, but these are likely outcomes considering their similarity to benzos. Recent studies show that these drugs increase death rate, taking away years of life, even when used intermittently for sleep.

Stimulants for ADHD: Adderall, Dexedrine and Vyvanse are amphetamines, and Ritalin, Focalin, and Concerta are methylphenidate

All of these drugs pose similar if not identical long-term dangers to children and adults. In humans, many brain scan studies show that they cause brain tissue shrinkage (atrophy). Animal studies show persisting biochemical changes in the brain. These drugs can lead directly to addiction or increase the risk of abusing cocaine and other stimulants later on in adulthood. They disrupt growth hormone cycles and can cause permanent loss of height in children. Recent studies confirm that children who take these drugs often become lifelong users of multiple psychiatric drugs, resulting in shortened lifespan, increased psychiatric hospitalization and criminal incarceration, increased drug addiction, increased suicide and a general decline in quality of life. Withdrawal from stimulants can cause “crashing” with worsened behavior, depression and suicide. Strattera is a newer drug used to treat ADHD. Unlike the other stimulants, it is not an addictive amphetamine, but it too can be dangerously overstimulating. Strattera is more similar to antidepressants in its longer-term risks.

Mood stabilizers: Lithium, Lamictal, Equetro and Depakote

Lithium is the oldest and hence most thoroughly studied. It causes permanent memory and mental dysfunction, including depression, and an overall decline in neurological function and quality of life. It can result in severe neurological dilapidation with dementia, a disastrous adverse drug effect called “syndrome of irreversible lithium-effectuated neurotoxicity” or SILENT. Long-term lithium exposure also causes severe skin disorders, kidney failure and hypothyroidism. Withdrawal from lithium can cause manic-like episodes and psychosis. There is evidence that Depakote can cause abnormal cell growth in the brain. Lamictal has many hazards including life-threatening diseases involving the skin and other organs. Equetro cases life-threatening skin disorders and suppresses white cell production with the risk of death from infections. Withdrawal from Depakote, Lamictal and Equetro can cause seizures and emotional distress.

Summarizing the tragic truth

It is time to face the enormous tragedy of exposing children and adults to any psychiatric drug for months and years. My new video introduces and highlights these risks and my book Psychiatric Drug Withdrawal describes them in detail and documents them with scientific research.

All classes of psychiatric drugs can cause brain damage and lasting mental dysfunction when used for months or years. Although research data is lacking for a few individual drugs in each class, until proven otherwise it is prudent and safest to assume that the risks of brain damage and permanent mental dysfunction apply to every single psychiatric drug. Furthermore, all classes of psychiatric drugs cause serious and dangerous withdrawal reactions, and again it is prudent and safest to assume that any psychiatric drug can cause withdrawal problems.

Widespread misinformation

Difficulty in stopping psychiatric drugs can lead misinformed or unscrupulous health professionals to tell patients that they need to take their drugs for the rest of their lives when they really need to taper and withdraw from them in a careful manner. As described in Psychiatric Drug Withdrawal, tapering outside of a hospital often requires psychological and social help, including therapy and emotional support and monitoring by friends or family.

Meanwhile, there is no substantial or convincing evidence that any psychiatric drug is useful longer-term. Psychiatric drug treatment for months or years lacks scientific basis. Therefore, the risk-benefit ratio is enormously lopsided toward the risk.

Science-based conclusions

Whenever possible, psychiatric drugs should be tapered and withdrawn either as an inpatient or as an outpatient with careful clinical supervision and a support network as described in Psychiatric Drug Withdrawal. Keep in mind that it is not only dangerous to take psychiatric drugs — it can be dangerous to withdraw from them. The safest solution is to avoid starting psychiatric drugs! It is time for a return to psychological, social and educational approaches to emotional suffering and impairment.

Psychiatrist Peter R. Breggin‘s scientific and educational work has provided the foundation for modern criticism of psychiatric drugs and electroconvulsive therapy. He leads the way in promoting more caring, empathic and effective therapies. His newest book is Guilt, Shame and Anxiety: Understanding and Overcoming Negative Emotions. His website is Breggin.com.

Peter R. Breggin, MD is a psychiatrist in private practice in Ithaca, New York. Dr. Breggin criticizes contemporary psychiatric reliance on diagnoses and drugs, and promotes empathic therapeutic relationships. He has been called “the Conscience of Psychiatry.” See his website at www.Breggin.com

Over 33,000 prescription tablets recovered from drug disposal bins

Over 33,000 prescription tablets have been recovered in the last year from special drug disposal bins, UTV can reveal.

They have been hailed a major success in the battle against prescription drug abuse.

The huge haul of prescription medication recovered by the PSNI in west Belfast was not through a drugs bust, but safely disposed by members of the public in special drug bins.

The PSNI has hailed the scheme a success.

PSNI Inspector Clare McClelland said: “Ultimately it’s such a danger if these items fall into the wrong hands.

“Anybody who is in possession of unwanted drugs, be that prescription medication or illegal drugs can dispose of them anonymously, these bins are then emptied by ourselves and subsequently the items will be destroyed.”

First set up eight years ago, the bins ensure unwanted prescription tablets don’t fall into the wrong hands.

There are now 25 of them in various locations across Northern Ireland.

Most are in Belfast in places like shopping centres and community hubs, locations with a high footfall to allow for a degree of anonymity.

In terms of how beneficial they have been, the figures speak for themselves.

The latest recovery brings the total number of tablets safely disposed of to over 150,000 since the bins were set up in 2010.

http://www.itv.com/news/utv/2018-07-17/33-500-prescription-tablets-recovered-from-drug-disposal-bins-in-ni/

Starlings on Prozac? Fish on contraceptives!

As drugs – both legal and illegal – pass through us, they enter the UK’s waterways. But can this really lead to a change in the feeding habits, and even the sex, of wildlife?

Most people go to a music festival for the music, the mud and the social scene. But at this year’s Latitude festival Dr John Ramsey and Dr Bram Mizeres have come for the urine.

Bottling up the goods from festival urinals might not sound like cutting edge science, but it can provide a glimpse into our pharmaceutical lives.

The drugs that end up in our urine also make their way out into our waterways, with some startling effects.

Last year over a billion prescriptions were dispensed in the UK, along with a huge number of over-the-counter remedies. More medication is being taken than ever before and with an ageing population this trend is not likely to slow down any time soon.

But what is the fate of these drugs as they travel beyond our toilets?

Intersex fish

At Brunel University, Prof Sumpter has been studying the effects of pharmaceuticals in our waterways ever since intersex fish – male fish exhibiting female traits such as egg production – were first spotted in UK rivers in the 1990s.

He and his colleagues wondered what was in the water that could be causing such radical change.

“At a biochemical, molecular level, a fish is extraordinarily similar to you and I,” he explains.

“So almost every drug target in a human – receptors, enzymes, ion channels – is present in fish. And they do the same thing.”

As drugs – both legal and illegal – pass through us, they enter the UK’s waterways. But can this really lead to a change in the feeding habits, and even the sex, of wildlife?

Most people go to a music festival for the music, the mud and the social scene. But at this year’s Latitude festival Dr John Ramsey and Dr Bram Mizeres have come for the urine.

Bottling up the goods from festival urinals might not sound like cutting edge science, but it can provide a glimpse into our pharmaceutical lives.

The drugs that end up in our urine also make their way out into our waterways, with some startling effects.

Last year over a billion prescriptions were dispensed in the UK, along with a huge number of over-the-counter remedies. More medication is being taken than ever before and with an ageing population this trend is not likely to slow down any time soon.

But what is the fate of these drugs as they travel beyond our toilets?

Intersex fish

At Brunel University, Prof Sumpter has been studying the effects of pharmaceuticals in our waterways ever since intersex fish – male fish exhibiting female traits such as egg production – were first spotted in UK rivers in the 1990s.

He and his colleagues wondered what was in the water that could be causing such radical change.

“At a biochemical, molecular level, a fish is extraordinarily similar to you and I,” he explains.

“So almost every drug target in a human – receptors, enzymes, ion channels – is present in fish. And they do the same thing.”

As studies into intersex fish developed, researchers soon amassed evidence that hormones from the contraceptive pill in the effluent from sewage treatment works were responsible.

Two decades on, our wastewater treatment has improved and most scientists suggest the majority of intersex fish can still breed without difficulty. But the contraceptive pill is not the only pharmaceutical making its way to our waterways.

Starlings on Prozac

Prof Sumpter now focuses on the effects of anti-depressants on fish.

Like synthetic sex hormones, anti-depressants dissolve in fat rather than water. As a result, they enter the bloodstream of organisms exposed to contaminated water.

This can affect other wildlife too, including birds. Dr Kathryn Arnold from the University of York has been studying the effect of Prozac on starlings, a number of which feed on the worms, maggots and flies found at sewage treatment works.

These creepy crawlies, living happily on the abundance of food found at the treatment works, contain high levels of pharmaceuticals, especially Prozac.

To study the effects this might be having on starlings, Dr Arnold and her team confined wild birds to aviaries and fed them on Prozac-laced worms, with the research to be published in October. They found that these birds ate less overall, snacking throughout the day instead of having full meals.

“And it’s all these small, very subtle effects that build up and potentially compromise an animal in the wild,” Dr Arnold says.

As yet, the science is at an early stage. Although the evidence seems to be mounting that laboratory-controlled, environmentally-relevant levels of micro-pollutants can have behavioural effects on fish and birds, only a small number of studies have tried to look at these changes in animals in the wild.

Dr Arnold and her team intend to start measuring the levels of Prozac in wild starlings’ blood this winter.

“So we’ve done what many researchers in this area have done, we’ve kind of tried to do things in a controlled environment, in the lab,” Dr Arnold explains.

“I guess the question that a lot of us are asking is, well, what does it mean for a normal healthy bird or fish in the wild to be consuming anti-depressants, or anti-psychotic drugs?”

Monitoring disease outbreaks

Such emerging evidence makes it all the more important that we know what is actually in the water.

Dr Barbara Kasprzyk-Hordern, an analytical chemist at the University of Bath, uses urine samples to provide near real-time data into levels of drug use.

“In the case of MDMA,” explains Dr Kasprzyk-Hordern “there will be spikes during the weekend because it is a club drug. While, when we look at heroin, its use will be stable throughout the week because it’s a very addictive drug.”

Dr Kasprzyk-Hordern thinks this technique will also be able to monitor populations for outbreaks of disease.

“Usually when we test for certain diseases we use urine,” she explains. “Why do we have to collect urine from every individual, why not look at wastewater?”

Just as an individual’s urine can help assess their risk of developing certain forms of cancer, Dr Kasprzyk-Hordern hopes that by analysing a wastewater treatment plant it may be possible to identify areas with a greater incidence of cancer and target them with increased patient screening.

Full article

https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/health-29108330

further reading

https://www.health.harvard.edu/newsletter_article/drugs-in-the-water

Woman dies of drug overdose after using fentanyl patches for pain relief

A woman lay dead in her car in a hospital car park for a whole night after she used fentanyl patches to ease pain in her dislocated knee, an inquest has heard. Hazel Gough’s lifeless body was found slumped in her car by a receptionist the morning after she saw a doctor at Fountain Way Hospital in Salisbury, Wiltshire. The 41-year-old delivery driver was last seen getting into her Renault Kadjar at 4.30pm following the appointment.

Hospital receptionist Adrian Lock initially thought she was sleeping and tried shaking her awake, but when he got no response he called paramedics. She was pronounced dead at the scene at 9.04am on December 14 last year.

The inquest at Salisbury Coroner’s Court heard Miss Gough had fatal amounts of fentanyl in her blood after she was prescribed the opioid patches to help relieve the pain of a dislocated knee. Doctors had reduced the dosage of the patches and had discussed lowering it even further. Senior coroner for Wiltshire and Swindon David Ridley gave the cause of death as fentanyl toxicity and recorded a verdict of misadventure.

Mr Ridley said: ‘It’s likely, having got in her car after the session ended with her doctor at 4.30 pm, that the effects of the drug caused respiratory depression and Hazel’s death inside the car.’

 

Full article: https://metro.co.uk/2018/07/20/woman-dies-of-drug-overdose-after-using-fentanyl-patches-for-pain-relief-7738782/

 

 

TOT’S LIVING HELL Baby girl’s skin burns and tears off after she becomes addicted to eczema steroid cream

Indica suffered eczema and was prescribed topical steroid creams, but soon her skin became dependent Her skin burns, tears off and scabs over after she became dependent on a cream to treat her eczema.

The eight-month old was prescribed four different steroid creams before mum Natasha Das Gupta stopped the treatment altogether.

She believes the intensity of the drugs have left her daughter addicted to steroids.

The 27-year-old said her baby girl is suffering topical steroid withdrawal, which can happen after stopping strong or long-term use of the medication.

Natasha stopped using the treatment in March, and since then Indica’s has endured nasty flare ups.

The mum-of-two said she rarely sleeps, due to her daughter’s piercing screams.

She said: “It was more gruesome than anything I had seen before, and worse than her eczema had ever been.

“She had no skin on her cheeks.

“It was red, wet and raw. Her skin was peeling off, it was terrifying.”

“She would scream like her skin was on fire all day and all night.

“It was like her skin was melting off  and there was nothing I could do about it. It was horrible.”

Indica was prescribed topical steroid creams in February, to treat the eczema that covered her entire body.

Within hours Natasha could see her daughter’s skin clearing up.

But later it would get much worse.

“I used less than the recommended amount as I knew it was no good for her,” Natasha, from Mississauga, Ontario in Canada, said.

“Her skin would get better over short bursts of time, it cleared up and then came back.

“You could see the significant difference in three to four hours, it acted so quickly because she was so small.”

But overnight, Indica’s condition would revert back, the last time coming back worse than before.

Natasha decided to ditch the cream after using it for just a month, but a day later her daughter’s skin flare-up was the worse she’d seen.

She’s since suffered flare ups lasting six, five and three-and-a-half weeks, leaving some strangers to ask Natasha if her daughter is a burns victim.

“I knew her body was having a negative reaction to the steroid creams, but I didn’t know it had a name,” she said.

“It was totally defeating, because I knew it was out of my hands. It was a helpless feeling doing nothing.”

Natasha has been warned it could take up to a year for Indica’s skin to recover fully, but thankfully her symptoms are starting to ease.

The 27-year-old said: “On bad days life is like a prison and truly hell, but she has better days too.

“It’s insanely scary what these things can do and that you don’t know what’s going to happen.

“It’s pretty devastating as there are a lot of holistic ways to permanently cure eczema through environment and diet control.

“I don’t think she will remember it. This is the devil incarnate if ever I’ve seen it.”

Full article: https://www.thesun.co.uk/fabulous/6860131/baby-skin-burns-tears-off-addicted-eczema-steroid-cream/

WHAT TO KNOW ABOUT NARCAN, THE LIFE-SAVING DRUG GIVEN TO DEMI LOVATO AFTER SUSPECTED OVERDOSE

Singer Demi Lovato was found unconscious in her Hollywood home on Tuesday after suffering from a suspected overdose, TMZ reported. Narcan was reportedly administered to Lovato, which could have saved her life.

Narcan is a brand name for the medication naloxone. The substance is impossible to overdose on and can reverse the effects of a narcotic overdose. It’s been used to treat heroin overdoses as well as overdoses of other opioids and prescriptions pills, such as fentanyl, morphine and oxycodone, according to WebMD.

Narcan can be used in an “emergency such as an overdose or possible opioid overdose with signs of breathing problems and severe sleepiness or not being able to respond,” the brand’s websitesays.

Narcan can now be bought over the counter in 46 states at Walgreens. Buyers must have a prescription to buy Narcan in Michigan, Nebraska, Wyoming, Hawaii, Delaware, Maine and Oklahoma, according to Lifehacker. You can use a prescription to buy the drug in any state.

You can also order the drug from Narcan.com and have it shipped directly to your home.

There are two ways to administer the drug. The first, and easiest to use, is an over-the-counter nasal spray that can be administered without training. The second is a shot similar to an EpiPen

Narcan drug can be bought in a double-dose pack for around $130, according to Time.

In April, a public health advisory was issued by U.S. Surgeon General Jerome Adams, urging Americans to carry the portable spray and educate themselves on how to administer Narcan

Lovato has been open about her now-broken sobriety both in the press and her music. She released a song last month, “Sober,” in which she admits she had relapsed.

Lovato had also released a documentary, Simply Complicated, that focused on her time in the spotlight and her growing substance abuse. In the YouTube film, she compared her own drug exploration to searching for what her father had loved in drugs.

“I guess I always searched for what he found in drugs and alcohol because it fulfilled him, and he chose that over a family,” she says.

She spoke of a time she did both Xanax and cocaine and felt her heart start racing and began to slightly choke. At that moment, she thought she might be overdosing.

She was taken to the hospital another time for a near overdose, though she noted that she took a bottle of pills with her to the hospital in defiance of sobriety

Full article: https://www.newsweek.com/where-can-you-find-narcan-drug-demi-lovato-overdose-heorin-1041617